Ipogeo degli Aureli

The Ipogeo degli Aureli is one of the most important funerary complexes of imperial Rome.

The lowest part is executed in tufa, while the area near the ground floor is composed of brickwork. The hypogeum is probably a third century A.D. structure. Located 200m from Porta Maggiore, the hypogeum was rediscovered in 1919. The lower part of the top floor, made of Severian bricks, still remains. Upon entering through the ancient portal, one can find two arcosoli in the walls and graves, dug in a subsequent period, in the floor.

The more-damaged back wall has a scene of the original sin on the left, and the creation of the first man on the right; a city and four figures, probably the evangelists, are represented on the side walls. There are two cubicles downstairs; one is completely frescoed, with the name of the grave owners (the Aureli) written in the floor mosaics.

The wall paintings are very interesting. The principal frescoes represent eleven figures wearing togas, while the vault decorations depict various scenes. On the left, a bearded man stands reading a scroll with a flock of sheep at his feet. The successive scene shows a man on horseback galloping alongside a temple; he is followed by a group of figures, while he meets another group as they leave a city. On another wall, a man in a white tunic seems to be in an attitude of judgement, while characters dressed in white stand by the city door, completing the scene.


Ipogeo degli Aureli
Rione XV - Esquilino
Municipio I
Regio V - Esquiliae
Tra viale Manzoni e via Luzzati (piazza Vittorio Emanuele - porta Maggiore)